My Childs Safety

Children’s Health and the Environment – WHO Brief – Part 1

We have gathered information from a few WHO studies on Children’s Health and the Environment. The condensed version is below. This is a very detailed presentation on Children, Chemicals, Enviroment and how it affects them.


Chemicals are used in everyday life – they bring in numerous benefits, such as protecting human and animal health, promoting hygiene, protecting crops, controlling vectors of disease. However, chemicals may also pose risks to human and animal health. Exposures to chemicals in the micro and macro-environments of children may cause functional and organic damage, especially during periods of vulnerability. Many become unwanted pollutants and some of these are persistent in the environment.

“Children are not little adults”

Children are exposed to myriad chemicals at home, at school, in the playground, in fields and streets, both in rural and urban environments.

  • Toxicants are present in or as: household products, building materials, house dust, and toys
  • unexpected contaminants in pharmaceuticals, or inappropriate cosmetics, and hygiene products;
  • second hand smoke;
  • chemicals in the workplace of the parents or the child; and also as “take home” exposures, e.g: when the working parent brings in contaminated clothes to the home: chemicals, solvents, metals, pesticides;
  • persistent organic pollutants (POPs), and also other chemicals polluting the environment resulting of degradation products;
  • chemicals of natural origin: including arsenic (As) and fluorides (Fl) in water, mycotoxins (e.g. aflatoxins), cyanogen radicals (plants that are rich in cyanide-generating compounds, e.g. Cassava and pyrrolizidine alkaloids (present in some plants that may be used to prepare herbal teas);
  • mixed chemicals can result in additional and unexpected toxic effects, or synergic action on exposures.

In addition Children’s environmental health and chemical safety problems can be magnified.

  • unsafe use of chemicals – due to lack of information and education on their safe and judicious use and to prevailing illiteracy; illicit products;
  • increasing pollution and uncontrolled use of chemicals – due to lack of appropriate regulatory measures or the impossibility of enforcing them (e.g. because of lack of personnel, controls andsurveillance);
  • chemical dumping and waste sites are adjacent to populated areas; additional factors such as malnutrition, infectious diseases and poverty;
  • lack of awareness about risks, cultural aspects, and poor access to information;
  • lack of interest because of other urgent, immediate health priorities;
  • despair at the magnitude of the problem, which may seem impossible to solve.

We now recognize that children, including the embryo, fetus, infant and all life stages until the completion of adolescence, are often at different and increased risk from environmental hazards than adults, for reasons that can be divided into four major categories.

  1. Children often have different and sometimes unique exposures to environmental hazards from those of adults.
  2. Due to their dynamic developmental physiology, they often receive higher exposures to pollutants found in air, water and food which may be handled quite differently by an immature set of systems from the ways they are dealt with in adults. Furthermore, the developmental component of a child’s physiology is changing, maturing, differentiating and growing in phases known as developmental windows. These critical windows of vulnerability have no parallel in adult physiology and create unique risks for children exposed to hazards which can alter normal function and structure.
  3. Children have a longer life expectancy. They have longer to manifest disease with a long latency period (e.g. cancer), and longer to live with toxic damage.
  4. Finally, children are politically powerless; they are defenseless. With no political standing of their own, they must rely on adults to protect them from toxic environmental agents.

Toxicokinetics is the term given to all the processes and pathways that a substance goes through in the body (e.g. absorption, transportation, conversion or metabolism and elimination). Children have a dynamic physiology that is turned up to “high” because of growth demands. In addition, they are vulnerable to damage during the differentiation and maturation of organs and systems.

Xenobiotics or “chemicals foreign to the biological system” utilize metabolic pathways intended for processing of nutrients and for eliminating metabolites. Some xenobiotics are dangerous as ingested and need to be detoxified by metabolism. Others are not dangerous when ingested but may become dangerous when metabolized (for example: paracetamol overdose, methyl alcohol). Children are in an “anabolic” state and require larger amounts of energy, water, oxygen and nutrients than do adults.

END OF PART !

Discuss this further at http://www.mychildssafety.com/forums/forum/chemicals-and-the-enviroment/


DISCLAIMER: The information contained herein should NOT be used as a substitute for the advice of an appropriately qualified and licensed physician or other health care provider. The information provided here is for informational purposes only. This post may not cover all possible drug interactions or all FDA / WHO warnings or alerts. Please check with a physician if you have health questions or concerns about interactions or go to the FDA / WHO for a comprehensive list of  warnings. Although we attempt to provide accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee is made to that effect.

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Living with disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD)

 

For those that dont know what DMDD is :

Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) is a mental disorder in children and adolescents characterized by a persistently irritable or angry mood and frequent temper outbursts that are disproportionate to the situation and significantly more severe than the typical reaction of same-aged peers. The symptoms of DMDD resemble those of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), anxiety disorders, and childhood bipolar disorder.

Basically, our child is angry at us alot, has major meltdowns where we have to aprehend him to prevent him from destroying everything and hurting himself or us. Most hings will set him off.

The thing is, he has outburts mainly at home. Its the way DMDD can work. Teachers, coaches and friends say he is great. That is why its harder to get help from professionals in general. Add that to the fact that DMDD is a new diagnosis and we have the reason this site exsits.

We have been collecting a list of triggers for him. Foods, breaks in routine and so on. As we learn we learn more. Only recently after years of research and trying to manage him we found a new concern Xylitol. We came across it in his vitamins. (Read more about it here).

So like you we are trying to find alternatives to everything that affects our child and his DMDD. We are trying to keep him happy and teach him how to control his rage. Yes sounds like the hulk, and actually is at times.

Its also different for both parents. Mom can handle it in her own way as she has had past experience with it. For Dad its also letting go of alot of rules. He yells at you and tells you where to go, does not do what he is asked to do and sometimes you have to let it go. Its the disorder that makes his like that , sometimes he is a gem as well 🙂

Wish us luck and we are here to try and share our knowledge and hope others share thiers as well.

Discuss this further DMDD http://www.mychildssafety.com/forums/topic/dmdd/

Discuss this further Xylitol http://www.mychildssafety.com/forums/topic/xylitol/


DISCLAIMER: The information contained herein should NOT be used as a substitute for the advice of an appropriately qualified and licensed physician or other health care provider. The information provided here is for informational purposes only. This post may not cover all possible drug interactions or all FDA / WHO warnings or alerts. Please check with a physician if you have health questions or concerns about interactions or go to the FDA / WHO for a comprehensive list of  warnings. Although we attempt to provide accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee is made to that effect.

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